CMMN A450, History of Journalism surveys the origin and development of journalism in the United States in the context of U.S. political, social, and economic history. It covers major newspapers, magazines and electronic media agencies and important figures within each field.
The text is Sloan, William David and James D. Startt. The Media in America: A History. 5th ed. Northport, AL: Vision Press, 2002.
One book review is required: a biography or autobiography of a journalist or the history of a newspaper or other journalistic organization. You are to write a review of each one during one class session, as shown on the calendar. You may use the book and notes you have taken, but nothing else. Reviews are to be written in blue books (large size: 8 1/2" x 11").
A list of books for reviewing is posted below. You may also use books mentioned in the Books to Read section of this site.
Two examinations will be given:
March 4: Exam 1, Chapters 1-7
May 4: Exam 2, Chapters 8-24.
Examinations are to be written in a blue book (large size: 8 1/2" x 11"). Neither exam can be made up.
Two papers are required. They are to be in the form of newspaper op-ed essays or broadcast essays of the sort heard on NPR's "All Things Considered." Each should run about 900 words.
In the first you are to examine attitudes toward freedom of the press since September 11, 2001, and the historical background presented in Chapter 6, then argue one of two positions: that the crisis we face today requires a departure from the notions of press freedom held by the Founders or a rigid adherence to those notions. Due Date: February 19.
Your second essay should examine whether the media of the 21st century, with their fascination with sensations such as the cases of Chandra Levy, Lacey Peterson, Michael Jackson, the Madonna-Briney Spears kiss, and the like, have developed very far beyond the newspapers of the 19th century. Due date: April 1.
In each instance you should develop an argument grounded in historical factnot just make assertions based on feeling. Use the discussions in pertinent chapters in the text and in at least four of the required recommended readings at the end of those chapters. You should be sure to incorporate a counter-argument that challenges the principal position that you take in the paper, and then tell why your positions overcomes the challenge.
Papers must be typed, double-space, in 12 point Times. Number each page. Use endnotes and a bibliography prepared in accord with the style outlined in Kate L. Turabian, A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, or use abbreviated versions of Chicago style at University of Wisconsin-Madison Writing Center or the Ohio State University Library.
The quality of the writing will be considered in the evaluation of each paper, as will spelling, grammar and neatness. Be sure to proofread your paper to catch any spelling or typing errors (keeping in mind that your computer's spelling and grammar checker will not catch all problems).
Classroom decorum: Attendance is crucial. You will be examined on material covered in class as well as on material in the text.
Tardiness is disruptive. You are expected to be in class when it begins.
Do not leave during class. People leaving and returning disrupt the concentration of the teacher and other students.
Men: please do not wear your hats in class.
Grading: Exams, essays and book review will each count 20 percent. Each is required; if you miss an exam or do not turn in an assignment, you will have failed to meet the course requirements and, thus, will receive an F in the course.
Provisions of the "Integrity of Scholarship and Grades" section of the 2003-2005 Undergraduate Bulletin (pp. 46-7) will apply to all work done in this class. To put it simply, plagiarism will result in an F in the course.
BOOKS FOR REVIEWING
GENERAL MEDIA HISTORY
- *Andrews, J. Cutler. The North Reports the Civil War. Pittsburgh, 1955.
- *__________. The South Reports the Civil War. Princeton, N.J., 1970.
- *Baldasty, Gerald J. The Commercialization of News in the Nineteenth Century. Madison, Wisc., 1992.
- Barnhurst, Kevin G. and John Nerone. The Form of News: A History. New York, 2001.
- *Barnouw, Erik. A Tower in Babel: A History of Broadcasting in the United States to 1933. New York, 1966.
- __________. The Image Empire. New York, 1970.
- __________. The Sponsor: Notes on a Modern Potentate. Oxford, 1978.
- *__________. Tube of Plenty. 2d ed. New York, 1990.
- *Beasley, Maurine H. and Sheila J. Gibbons. Taking Their Place: A Documentary History of Women and Journalism. Lanham, Md., 1993
- Berger, Carl. Broadsides and Bayonets: The Propaganda War of the American Revolution. Philadelphia, 1961.
- *Blenheim, Menahem. News Over the Wires: The Telegraph and the Flow of Public Information in America, 1844-1897. Cambridge, Mass., 1995.
- *Brown, Charles H. The Correspondents' War: Journalists in the Spanish-American War. New York, 1967.
- *Cornebise, Alfred E. Ranks and Columns: Armed Forces Newspapers in American Wars Westport, Conn., 1993.
- *Dicken-Garcia, Hazel. Journalistic Standards in Nineteenth-Century America. Madison, Wisc., 1989.
- Dickerson, Donna Lee. The Course of Tolerance: Freedom of the Press in Nineteenth-Century America. Westport, Conn., 1990.
- *Edwards, Julia. Women of the World: The Great Foreign Correspondents. Boston: 1988.
- *Fielding, Raymond. The American Newsreel, 1911-1967. Norman, Okla., 1972.
- *Filler, Louis. The Muckrakers: Crusaders for American Liberalism. Chicago: Gateway edition, 1968.
- *Fox, Stephen. The Mirror Makers. New York, 1984.
- *Friendly, Fred W. Minnesota Rag: The Dramatic Story of the Landmark Supreme Court Case That Gave New Meaning to Freedom of the Press. New York, 1981
- Hage, George S. Newspapers on the Minnesota Frontier 1849-1860. St. Paul, Minn., 1967. Hamilton, Milton W. The Country Printer: New York State, 1785-1830. New York, 1936.
- *Hart, Jim Allee. Views on the News: The Developing Editorial Syndrome. Carbondale, 1970.
- Hartsock, John C. A History of American Literary Journalism: The Emergence of a Modern Narrative Form. Amherst, MA, 2000.
- *Hohenberg, John. Foreign Correspondence: The Great Reporters and Their Times. New York, 1995.
- *Jordan, William G. Black Newspapers and America's War for Democracy, 1914-1920. Chapel Hill, NC, 2001.
- *Knightley, Phillip. The First Casualty. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1975.
- *Lewis, Anthony. Make No Law: The Sullivan Case and the First Amendment. New York, 1991.
- Lyon, William H. The Pioneer Editor in Missouri 1808-1860. Columbia, Mo., 1965. *Marbut, Frederick B. News from the Capital: The Story of Washington Reporting. Carbondale, Ill., 1971.
- *Marzolf, Marion. Up From the Footnote: A History of Women Journalists. New York, 1977.
- *Milton, Joyce. The Yellow Kids: Foreign Correspondents in the Heyday of Yellow Journalism. New York, 1989.
- Nord, David Paul. Communities of Journalism: A History of American Newspapers and their Readers. Urbana, IL, 2001.
- *Powe, Lucas A., Jr. The Fourth Estate and the Constitution. Berkeley, Calif., 1991.
- *Prochnau, William. Once Upon a Distant War. New York: Times Books, 1995.
- *Schlesinger, Arthur M. Prelude to Independence: The Newspaper War on Great Britain, 1764-1776. New York, 1958.
- *Schwarzloze, Richard A. The Nation's Newsbrokers: The Formative Years: From Pretelegraph to 1865. Evanston, Ill., 1989.
- *__________. The Nation's Newsbrokers: The Rush to Institution: From 1820 to 1920. Evanston, Ill., 1990.
- *Smith, James M. Freedom's Fetters: The Alien and Sedition Laws and Civil Liberties. Ithaca, N.Y., 1956.
- *Smith, Jeffery A. Printers and Press Freedom: The Ideology of Early American Journalism. New York, 1988.
- Standage, Tom. The Victorian Internet: The Remarkable Story of the Telegraph and the Nineteenth Century's On-line Pioneers. New York, 1998.
- *Sterling, Christopher, and John Kittross. Stay Tuned: A Concise History of American Broadcasting, 2nd ed. Belmont, Calif., 1990.
- *Stevens, John D. Sensationalism and the New York Press. New York, 1991.
- *Streitmatter, Rodger. Raising Her Voice. African-American Women Journalists Who Changed History. Lexington, Ky., 1994.
- *Summers, Mark Wahlgren. The Press Gang: Newspapers and Politics, 1865-1878. Chapel Hill, 1994.
- *Tucher, Andie. Froth and Scum: Truth, Beauty, Goodness and the Ax Murder in America's First Mass Medium. Chapel Hill, N.C., 1994
- *Ames, William E. A History of the National Intelligencer. Chapel Hill, N.C., 1972.
- *Berger, Meyer. The Story of the New York Times, 1851-1951. New York, 1951.
- *Cornebise, Alfred E. The Stars and Stripes: Doughboy Journalism in World War I. Westport, Conn., 1981.
- *Crouthamel, James L. Bennett's New York Herald and the Rise of the Popular Press. Syracuse, N.Y., 1989.
- *Elson, Robert T. Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise. New York, 1968. (3 vols.; vols 2 & 3 entitled The World of Time Inc.)
- *__________. The March of Time, 1935-1951. New York, 1978.
- *Friedrich, Otto. Decline and Fall: The Death Struggle of the Saturday Evening Post. New York, 1970.
- *Gramling, Oliver. AP: The Story of News. New York, 1940.
- *Kluger, Richard. The Paper. New York, 1986.
- *Luxon, Norval Neil. Niles' Weekly Register: News Magazine of the Nineteenth Century. Baton Rouge, 1947.
- *Morris, Joe Alex. Deadline Every Minute: The Story of the United Press. New York, 1957.
- Nevins, Allen. The Evening Post, A Century of Journalism. New York, 1922.
- *O'Brien, Frank M. The Story of the Sun. New York, 1918.
- *Talese, Gay. The Kingdom and the Power: The Story of the Men Who Influence the Institution That Influences the World-The New York Times. New York, 1969.
Titles marked with an asterisk (* ) are in the Loyola library.
You may find other titles at the Tulane or New Orleans public libraries or in used bookstores.
Back to Courses