By Jim Hobbs
This page lists information resources on the process of transferring analog recordings to CD form. There are also entries for general audio preservation and related areas.
Start here: Transferring LPs to CDR: Some Advice. Excellent, last updated March 18, 2006. (By the same author: Clive's FAQ About Audio on a PC.)
AudioToolers "audio and video software, info, help and discussion"
Braga, Mike. "How To Rip and Clean Your Analog Audio Collection." (June 22, 2010). (Uses Audacity.)
Broida, Rick. Alpha Geek: How to digitize cassette tapes. Recommends Audacity sound editing software.
Clement, John M. (PhD). "Digitally Restoring Old Recordings On the Cheap." Discusses demands of different kinds of recordings, e.g., 78, LP, FM, discusses and evaluates specific software in detail. No date.
Convert LPs into MP3s (October 14, 2008) from Wired's WikiHow.
Copying audio tapes to CDs (April 7, 2005).
Copying Vinyl Recordings to CD. From the BBC. (October 14, 2002).
Dewey-Wright Enterprises. "How to create a CD from Vinyl" (November 27, 2001).
Gordon, Whitson. "What's the difference between all these audio formats, and which one should I use?" Lifehacker. (July 28, 2012) Compares lossless and lossy audio formats.
Henry, Alan. Five Best Audio Editing Applications. Sept. 2, 2012. Reports the results of a Lifehacker reader poll.
How To Convert Vinyl Records (singles and LPs) to Audio CDs and MP3 files (Jan. 2, 2010, no author given)
Long, Chris. "Turning old music into digital." BBC News. (January 29, 2006)
MAKE:BLOG "Recording vinyl to digital" (discussion begun February 24, 2005)
McFadden, Andy. "How do I transfer my records or cassettes to a CD?" (Part of the CD-Recordable FAQ - Section 3.)
Nancy Street Network. "Digitising Vinyl" (July 16, 2007). Process from start to finish with copious visuals, using CoolEdit. (Also see the additional info on music and digitizing from the main page.)
Payne, Anthony. Vinyl to CD Everything Old is New Again. (July 2001) Uses Audiograbber software, lots of visuals.
Silva, Robert. Adventures in CD recording. (no date, 3 sequential pages).
Skwarecki, Beth. Digitizing records and tapes with Audacity. (October 4, 2007).
Tarantola, Andrew. How to Digitize Your Vinyl Collection. Posted July 14, 2012.
Transferring tapes and records to computer or CD with Audacity (Wiki, accessed on Oct. 27, 2008).
Vinyl Records to CDs in Easy Steps. (Feb. 7, 2008)
Bass, Steve. "LP to CD--Music Soothes Savage Bass." PCWORLD.COM. (From the May 2001 issue of PC World magazine)
Bass, Steve. "Transfer Music from LPs to CDs and MP3s." PCWORLD.COM. (dated Wednesday, April 25, 2001) Has links to many other Web sites. Uses Roxio's Easy CD Creator 5 Platinum, EnhancedAudio's Diamond Cut 32 and the Plextor Speedwriter.
Dreier, Troy. "Make Your Music Digital." PC Magazine 21 (November 19, 2002):160-161.
Gowan, Michael. "Audio Nirvana: Cards to Speakers." PC World 22 (February 2004): 122-126.
Greenberg, Corey. "Burn, Baby, Burn!" Audio 84 ( January 2000): 38-43.
Machrone, Bill. "Audio recording on the PC." PC Magazine April 9, 2002, p.57.
Menasché, Emile. "Make Beautiful Music." PC Magazine 22 (November 25, 2003): 162-163. Reviews of consumer products primarily for editing sound files.
Miatstkowski, Stan. "Surround Yourself with PC Sound." PC World 21 (November 2003): 192-193. Reviews of computer sound accessories, e.g., sound cards.
Needleman, Ted. "Converting LPs to CDs" Poptronics 1 (April 2000): 47-48.
Norton, Patrick. "Rip Your Records. PC World 22:11 (November 2004) : 153-155. [Recommends Microsoft Plus Digital Media Edition )$20) over Magix Audio Cleaning Lab 2005 and Pinnacle Systems Clean 4.]
Pogue, David. "The Sermon on the Tapes." New York Times (March 29, 2007). Also covers video transfer.
Phonopreamps.com Commercial web retailer of phono preamps. (Contributed by Jerry Kazin jkazin at comcast.net)
And now it's time for some liquid refreshment (record cleaning solutions).
Care and Feeding of Vinyl Records from wax.fm.
Care and Handling of CDs and DVDs from the Information Access Division of the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology. Entire document in plain text or PDF.
Clean Your Records with Glue cover with wood glue, let dry, and peel away the dirt - at least that's the idea. Just don't use epoxy or cyanoacrylate glue.
Cleaning Vinyl Records.
Cylinder, Disc and Tape Care in a Nutshell from the Library of Congress (U.S.) with solution formula and bibliography.
DIY Record Cleaning Machine.
Garage-A-Records record cleaning products.
Goldman Record Cleaning System review by Bruce Kinch, with many comments on record cleaning devices.
High Quality, Low Cost Record Cleaner a do-it-yourself cleaner.
IPI Media Storage Quick Reference nine-page PDF covering photographic glass plates, acetate-, nitrate- and polyester-base photographic films, photographic paper, ink jet prints, magnetic tape and CDs and DVDs.
Jerry Raskin's Needledoctor record cleaning machines.
Keith Monks Record Cleaning Machina at Audio-Restoration by Graham Newton.
Last Factory with a variety of products.
Loricraft Audio Record Cleaning System.
Mr. Smashy's Guide to Record Cleaning.
Moth RCM [record cleaning machine] from UK.
Nitty Gritty record cleaning machines
Nitty Gritty 2.5Fi Mk.II Record Cleaning Machine review by Andrew Chasin, January 1998.
Peskovitz, David. HOWTO clean LPs, DVDs, and CDs which links to the U.S. Library of Congress' document Cylinder, Disc and Tape Care in a Nutshell
Record Care, Cleaning, and Storage advice from The Vinyl Tourist.
Record Cleaning and Maintenance from Galen Carol Audio, San Antonio, TX.
Record Cleaning Solutions with formulas.
Record Doctor II review.
Sleeves: Bags Unlimited, Sleeve City also cleaning supplies.
Sound Savings: Preserving Audio Collections, proceedings of a symposium held July 2003 and sponsored by: Preservation and Conservation Studies, University of Texas at Austin, School of Information; Library of Congress; National Recording Preservation Board; Association of Research Libraries. Many papers available in full text.
Tracer Technologies record cleaning supplies and equipment.
VPI HW - 16.5 Record Cleaning Machine review, VPI HWF-17 Record Cleaner review.
Google search for phrase "record cleaning."
Audacity Open source: "A fast multitrack audio editor and recorder for Linux, MacOS, and Windows. Supports WAV, AIFF, Ogg, and MP3 formats. Features include envelope editing, mixing, built-in effects and plug-ins, all with unlimited undo."
Audiotools "A software [sic] with the option of direct to disk recording with CD-R, MP3 and Auto-track"
Cakewalk Pyro 5 Record, edit, and burn music. (Contributed by Jerry Kazin jkazin at comcast.net)
CoolEdit 2000 is no longer available. The Syntrillium company was purchased by Adobe, which has discontinued CoolEdit 2000 and changed the Pro version to Adobe Audition.
Golden Records for Windows, from Australia.
Linux Soundfile Editor Roundup From Linux Journal, issue 122, June 2004.
MAGIX Audio Cleaning Lab. Download $30, boxed $40. Works with WAV, MP3, AIF, WMA, and Ogg Vorbis. Also create labels and covers. Reviews: IT Reviews, and PC Magazine.
RIP Vinyl (from the U.K.)
Spin It Again Records and edits sound with noise reduction and effects and CD burning. Shareware. Reviews: Infopackets Windows Newsletter.
ADS Instant Music plugs into USB port and connect analog audio source to convert to MP3, WAV, WMA, and AAC formats. Includes some bundled software Nero Wave Editor, Mix and SoundTrax, and a RCA-type connector cable. List $59. (J.D. Biersdorfer article Oct. 7, 2004 New York Times.) Tom's Hardware review.
Sony USB PX-LX300USB turntable (new) and refurbished converts directly to digital format; plays 33 1/3 and 45 rpms.
TEAC GF-350: copies vinyl and cassettes directly to CD. Manufacturer web site.
Vestax Guber CM-02 Japanese turntable with USB port.
There are also commercial services that transfer analog to digital recordings for a fee. Search Google for some here.
3D Printed Record 3D printers are everywhere right now, and here's one application: print vinyl records. Video with audio and a tutorial included. Also background on vinyl records and how and why they work.
Cardboard Record Player
Cylinder Preservation and Digitization Project from the Department of Special Collections at the University of California at San Barbara Library: 5000 cylinder recordings from the 1890s to the 1920s.
Extracting Audio from Pictures. Taking an image of a record and turning it into sound. From Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA. Listen to several extracted recordings from this page. Stunning! (June 2012)
From top quarks to the blues about audio restoration using "a precision optical metrology system." More at From the Higgs Boson Particle to Leadbelly. NPR Story on this process from June 28, 2004 (RealAudio or Windows Media Player).
Great MP3 Bitrate Experiment Aimed at those ripping CDs, but a very useful discussion on how to encode audio. (June 2012)
How Vinyl Records Are Made-And How to Pirate (Copy) A Vinyl Record from the blog "DO IT: Projects, Plans and How-tos" and based on a Discovery Channel program
Kid Koala CD comes with a build-your-own-turntable kit and a flexidisc (October 2012)
Perfect Resting Place for Vinyl Lovers in the too weird to miss category. If you love vinyl, why not become a LP? (Can't tell if this is for real.)
Set up a Turntable. From the Wired How-To Wiki.
Slow and Steady: Vinyl Survives from National Public Radio March 2, 2011. Text transcript and streaming audio.
Steampunk record player (YouTube video)
Vinyl And CD Release On One Disc From Jeff Mills and it was sold out on June 18, 2010.
Vinyl record grooves under electron microscope
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