||Focus Question: How did Stalin change the Soviet Union and
why did these changes impress many Western intellectuals?
||How was the social cost of Stalin's collectivization policy?
How many peasants were killed during rural collectivization? Why
did the soviets believe that collectivization was necessary? How
successful were the soviets in achieving industrialization between 1928
and WWII? How did they pay for industrialization? Who made
industrial decisions? How did many Western writers and intellectuals
perceive Soviet industrialization and society during the early 1930's?
What event sparked the Great Purges? What rational explanation is
there for the Great Purges, and what impact did they have on the Communist
||Focus Question: What was the nature of facist Italy?
Who led it and why was he successful?
||What were the general characteristics of fascism? The Fasci
di Combattimento membership came mostly from what group? What
was the Italians main complaint about the Versailles Treaty? What
type of politician was Mussolini? What was his one political rule?
Which class did Mussolini finally lend his support to? What means
did the Italian Fascists use to come to power? Was it legal or not?
How did Mussolini achieve a one party state? What agreement did Mussolini
reach with the Church?
||Focus Question: What was the nature of the Weimar Republic
and what factors undermined its effectiveness?
||Which party in Germany had accepted the terms of the Versailles Treaty?
What was the most serious flaw of the Weimar Constitution? Why was
article 48 important? What was the hallmark of the first five years
of the Weimar Republic? Why did France invade the Ruhr and what were
the consequences of for France and Germany ? What factors contributed
to the massive German inflation of the 1920's? Which classes were
most severely affected? Which class profited? How did the Nazis
redefine "socialism?" To which group did the Nazis tailor their appeal?
What organization did the Nazis use to terrorize before coming to power?
How did Hitler come to dominate the Nazi Party? What was Stresemann's
foreign policy? What did the Locarno Treaty accomplish? What
crisis brought the governmental coalition of 1928 to an end in March 1930?
When and why did the Weimar Republic become a presidential dictatorship?
||Focus Question: How did the Nazis consolidate power and implement
||Why did Hindenburg decide to appoint Hitler chancellor in 1933?
Why did the Nazis win out over other conservative nationalistic parties
in coming to power? How did Hitler consolidate power once in office?
Did the Nazis party ever obtain a majority of the votes in the Reichstag?
What role did the burning of the Reichtag have in the Nazis consolidation
of power? Why did Hitler order RoehmÕs murder?
What was the role of the SS (Schutzstaffel)? On what was Nazi anti-Semitism
based? What was the Nazi view of the womanÕs role? What was
the Nazi attitude toward family size?
||Focus Question: What factors "brought on" the Great
Depression and what were its effects?
||What foreign and economic policy did the U.S. assume after WWI?
What did "normalcy" mean to Presiden Warren Harding? Which interest
group clearlly "had the ear" of the government? What was the state
of the American economy during the first seven or eight years of the 1920s?
What new products began appearing during this period? How did its
economy compare to Europe's after the war? What issues divided American
society? In what respects was the wealthy of the country divided?
What gave rise to the growth of major criminal organizations? What
factors prompted the Great Depression? What impact did the disproportioinate
amount of money in relatively few hands have on the economy?
What was the most pervasive problem of the Great Depression? Why
do you think that agricultural prices were low during this period?
How did Hoover's attitude of government differ from that of Franklin Delano
||Focus Question: How did the role of government fundamentally
change as a result of the Great Depression?
||What was Franklin Delano Roosevelt's first goal? What actions
did he take during the first "100 days?" How did the American labor
unions change during the Great Depression? What was the role of the
National Recovery Administration and why (do you think) was it declared
unconstitional by the Supreme Court in 1935? In what two ways did
the role of government change during the New Deal? What was the result
of the New Deal legislation on the American economy? What event brought
the U.S. economy to a full level of employment and thus ended the Depression?
What two factors spawned world wide authoritarianism following WWI?
||Focus Question: What was the relationship between the
economic and political turmoil of the inter-war period?
||What was the fate of many liberal governments in the inter-war period?
Why were governments more willing to take a role in the economic life of
the country in ways that they had previously avoided? Beside economic
factors, what other elements contributed to the formation of authoritarian
government? What were the Soviet and American experiments of this period