It is important to stress that within this general consensus, there
was considerable room for diversity among philosophers. Thus one large
group of philosophers within this consensus could be labeled "positivists,"
or more specifically "logical positivists" or "logical empiricists,"
and indeed they tended to dominate. For many purposes what I am calling
the "empiricist consensus" might be called the "positivist model" of scientific
knowledge. However, the posiitivists had other philosophical agendas which
I would not want to consider part of the "consensus"; moreover, other philosophers,
for example, Bertrand Russell or Karl Popper, could be placed
within this consensus but disagreed sharply with the positivists. [see
Hacking, R&I, Introduction, for a comparison of what Popper
and Carnap (the positivist) held in common.]