Europe 1815-1914
Fall 2003
Dr. Bernard Cook
Office: Bobet 427
Telephone: 2564
cook@loyno.edu

Office Hours:
MWF 8:00-9:15
MWF 12:30-1:20
MW 2:30-3:40
You are welcome to come by at other times as well.

This course will survey the main political, social, and economic developments in Europe from the Congress of Vienna to World War I. Goals: The student will understand and be able to explain and discuss these developments, and will write a lucid, coherent, well thought-out, and well developed research paper on a nineteenth century European topic.

Required reading:

Craig, Europe 1815-1914
Harold Nicolson, The Congress of Vienna
Emile Zola, Germinal
Carnegie Endowment, The Other Balkan Wars
Web sites indicated on schedule

Course Requirements:

I require and expect punctual daily attendance. After the third absence your final grade will be lowered 6 points for each additional unexcused absence. The first two absences are counted whether excusable or not. I determine the validity of excuses. After 7 absences the student will receive an F. If the student exceeds the maximum number of allowed absences before the last day for an administrative withdrawal, the student may withdraw from the course in the normal way to avoid an F. Have the assigned readings completed on the dates indicated and be able to demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of the assignment.

Make-up will only be given for reasons which I regard as serious. A rescheduled test will be given only if you notify me within 24 hours of the test, stating the reason for your absence. If I regard your excuse to be legitimate, I will at that time schedule a time for the make-up. Make-up tests as a rule will be more difficult than the original test.

Paper:

A research paper is due on November 17.

You are to discuss your topic with me by September 17. You are to bring to my office a tentative bibliography and plan of attack by October 10.

The paper must be typed, and neatly done. Penciled or penned-in corrections are completely unacceptable. I will not accept anything less than a finished product. Returned papers will be penalized. Proper academic form must be followed. Consult the research paper form sheet available in the History Department. Correct spelling and grammar are expected. You will be graded on these as well as content and development. Papers with misspellings and grammatical errors, after an appropriate penalty, are subject to return. The papers are to be lucid, coherent, well thought-out, and well developed. Plagiarism will result in an F for the course. Any paper shorter than eight pages, exclusive of endnotes, will be unacceptable. No paper, exclusive of endnotes, may exceed twelve pages. A "research paper" without indication through notes, footnotes, or endnotes, of where quotes, paraphrasing, or information beyond general knowledge were drawn from will be assigned an F.

Do not use web sources unless the author or a credible original source is indicated.

Do not use type smaller or larger than 12 point. I will return papers which I deem too light to read. Do not use margins in excess of one inch. Provide a separate cover page with your name and the paper's title. The papers must be stapled in the top left hand corner. The deadlines are absolute. In order to avoid problems, do not wait until the last minute.

Tentative Schedule:

August
25 Introduction
27 Congress of Vienna and the Congress System
29 Revolution and Reaction
September
1 Labor Day Holiday
3 Bourbon Restoration
5 Charles X; July Revolution; July or Bourgeois Monarchy
8 England
Visit the Peterloo site
<http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/peterloo.html>
Read "Manchester in 1819" and "Industrial Unrest"
10 Ireland
Visit <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/PRcatholic.htm>
Read "Catholic Emancipation"
12 Industrial Revolution
<http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/IRchild.main.htm>
Read about "Life in the Factory"
and the accounts of two "Factory Workers"
Visit the site on child labor in the UK 1750-1900
15 Industrial Revolution continued
17 Liberal Response and Socialist Response.
19 Continued
Go to:<http://csf.Colorado.EDU/psn/marx/Archive/1848-CM/>
Read the first two chapters of the Communist Manifesto:
22 Visit the "Potato Famine" site
<http://www.toad.net/~sticker/nosurrender/PotatCom.html>
Read Histories of the Famine
24 "When Ireland Starved"
26 Map test
29 Discussion and essay on Ireland
October
1 July Monarchy and 1848
3 1848
6 Test
8 1848 continued
10 Second Empire
13 Fall Break
15 Italian Unification
17 Italian Unification continued
20 Bismarck
22 Seven Weeks War
24 Franco-Prussian War
27 Bismarck's Germany
Go to:
<http://www.h- net.msu.edu/~german/gtext/kaiserreich/speech.html>
Read Bismarck on the Polish Question
29 Bismarck's Germany and after
Go to:<http://www.h-net.msu.edu/~german/gtext/kaiserreich/class.html>
Read Class' "If I were Kaiser"
Go to:
<http://www.h-net.msu.edu/~german/gtext/kaiserreich/poll.html>
Read and think about the German opinion poll
31 Paris Commune and the Third French Republic
November
3 Discussion of Zola's Germinal
5 Zola's Germinal continued
7 Great Britain
10 Test
12 Austria
Visit: <http://www.hnet.msu.edu/~german/gtext/kaiserreich/hitler1.html>
Read Hitler on Anti-Semitism in Vienna
14 Russia
17 Russia continued
19 Imperialism
21 Nationalism, Militarism, and Social Darwinism
Go to:
<http://www.h-net.msu.edu/~german/gtext/kaiserreich/bernhardi.html>
and read the first part of Friedrich von Bernhardi's "The Next War"
24 Alliances and Crises
Go to:
<http://www.h-net.msu.edu/~german/gtext/kaiserreich/internat.html>
Read the "International"
26 Holiday
28 Holiday
December
1 Discuss The Other Balkan Wars
3 Discuss The Other Balkan Wars continued
5 Outbreak of the War

Exam: Wednesday, December 10, 11:30

Approximate value of work:

Test 1.......................................................15%
Test 2.......................................................20%
Exam........................................................25%
Map test.....................................................5%
Book Quizzes and Readings.......................20%
Paper.......................................................15%

Grading scale:
100-97=A+
96-94=A
93-90=A-
89-87=B+
86-84=B
83-80=B-
79-77=C+
76-74=C
73-70=C-
69-67=D+
66-64=D
63-60=D- This is not a Common Curriculum Course.

Students with disabilities who wish to receive accommodations in this class should contact Disability Services at 865-2990 as soon as possible so that warranted accommodations can be implemented in a timely fashion. Disability Services are located in the Academic Enrichment Center, Monroe Hall 405.

Research Topics: One topic per person; first come first served.
1)
Irish Transportation to Australia
The Bulgarian Horrors
Russian Peasantry in the Nineteenth Century
Romanians in the Austro-Hungarian Empire
Polish Nationalism
Poland in the Nineteenth Century
Hitler's Racist Formation in Vienna
Hitler's Precursors in Vienna
Houston S. Chamberlain's Foundations of the Nineteenth Century
De Gobineau
Lampedusa's Sicily
Social Darwinism
German Policy in Africa
French Imperialism
Italian Imperialism
The Macedonian Question
Leopold's Venture in Africa
Napoleon III as Technocrat
The War of the Sonderbund
The Austro-Italian War of 1859
Garibaldi's Sicilian Campaign
Sicilian Peasants in the Nineteenth Century
Spanish Politics in the Nineteenth Century
Social and Economic Conditions in Norway (or Iceland) in the Nineteenth Century
The Russo-Japanese War
The Revolution of 1905 in Russia
The Trans-Siberian Railway
The Opium War
The West and the Taiping Rebellion
The West and the Boxer Rebellion
The Construction of the Belgian State
Social Conditions in Nineteenth Century Belgium
The Syllabus of Errors
The Dreyfus Affair
The Roman Republic (1849)
The Transylvanian Question
Romanian Identity
2)
From nineteenth century travel books--insights into the social and economic conditions in a section of Europe. Of particular interest: Italy, Ireland, the Balkans, Russia.
3)
From US newspapers; magazines; Congressional debates:
US reaction to the Unification of Germany
US reaction to Bismarck
US reaction to the Seven Weeks War; Franco-Prussian War
US reaction to the liberation of the Serfs
US reaction to the Bulgarian atrocities
The Balkan Wars
US reaction to the February 1848 Revolution
US reaction to the June Days
US reaction to Louis Napoleon
US reaction to the Russo-Japanese War
US reaction to the First Moroccan Crisis
US reaction to the Bosnian Crisis
US reaction to the Potato Famine
US reaction to Catholic Emancipation
US reaction to Bismarck's Social Legislation
US reaction to the Naval Race
US reaction to British Factory Legislation
US reaction to British Welfare Legislation in the early 20th century
US reaction to the Russian Revolution of 1905
US reaction to Pogroms in Russia
US reaction to the Dreyfus Affair
US reaction to the campaign for Women's Rights in England
US reaction to the Labour Party
US reaction to Chartism

British Reaction: Press and/or Parliamentary Reports:
Bulgarian atrocities
The Balkan Wars
Potato Famine
The Irish
The US Civil War
The Crimean War
The Liberation of the Serfs
The Unification of Germany
Bismarck
Home Rule Bills
1848
Bosnian Crisis
First Moroccan Crisis
First German Naval Bill
Germany and the Boers
The Boer War
The Subjugation of the Sudan
The Occupation of Egypt
Garibaldi
The Occupation of Rome
The Roman Republic
Italo-Austrian War of 1859
Bismarck's Social Legislation
The Factory Acts
Pogroms in Russia
The Dreyfus Affair
Zionism
Women's Rights
The Labour Party
Unionism
Chartism
The Grand National Consolidated Trade Union
Spanish-American War
Leopold's Congo Free State
France's Conquest of Algeria

Spanish newspapers:
Roman Question
Spanish Candidacy
Situation in Cuba
Spanish-American War
Outbreak of World War I

I have microfilm copies of Consular records from Sicily, Naples, and Rome (in English); microfilm in French of correspondence of the French Embassy in Naples and consuls in Sicily; microfilm in French on the Christian Socialist Philippe Buchez; in German of German Socialist newspapers: if someone wishes to work with these that is possible.

If you can work in French, German, or Italian see me!

The required approach for papers in category 3:
1) A brief summation of the problem or situation, which your are going to discuss. Do not tell me what you are going to do, but state briefly what is the problem or situation.
2) A discussion of British or US perceptions of the problem or situation. Indicate the different perspectives of various newspapers or journals and individual writers or political figures. Attempt to identify their ideological framework. A single development could be traced through a single journal, but it is nevertheless essential to indicate the perspective of that journal, and to be careful not to generalize one source as the British, the Spanish etc., or the US perspective.
3) A conclusion. In a conclusion I do not want you to tell me what you said, but to offer some sort of wrap up.