Juvenile Courts have limited jurisdiction over certain types of cases, and generally handle juvenile delinquency, children in need of care or supervision, adoption and termination of parental rights.
The extent of jurisdiction exercised by a Juvenile Court varies by court. Juvenile Courts share jurisdiction with a Family Court over some child support cases and some criminal cases related to desertion, nonsupport or neglect of a minor.
Other courts may also exercise jurisdiction over juvenile matters, including District Courts, Parish Courts and City Courts. Courts exercising juvenile jurisdiction generally handle most delinquency cases, children in need of care cases, juvenile traffic cases, termination of parental rights, some mental health proceedings and some criminal cases where the victim in a minor.