Frequently Asked Questions-CBFWS
Is there any difference between on-campus and off-campus community service work-study jobs ?
What is the Same:
What is Different ? (From the 2013-14 Federal Student Aid Handbook,Volume Six, Chapter Two)
Under the Federal Community Based Work Study Program at Loyola, a student is employed off campus by a federal, state, or local public agency or by a private nonprofit organization. Providing jobs related to the student’s academic or vocational goals is encouraged but not required.
A private nonprofit organization is one in which
- no part of the net earnings of the agency benefits any private shareholder or individual.
- An organization must be incorporated as nonprofit under federal or state law.
A school classified as a tax-exempt organization by either the federal or state Internal Revenue Service meets this requirement. Examples of private nonprofit organizations generally include hospitals, day care centers, halfway houses, crisis centers, and summer camps.
Work must be “in the public interest” Work performed off campus must be in the public interest. Work in the public interest is defined as work performed for the welfare of the nation or community rather than work performed for a particular interest or group.
Work is not “in the public interest” if it:
- primarily benefits the members of an organization that has membership limits, such as a credit union, a fraternal or religious order, or a cooperative;
- involves any partisan or nonpartisan political activity or is associated with a faction in an election for public or party office;
- is for an elected official unless the official is responsible for the regular administration of federal, state, or local government;
- is work as a political aide for any elected official;
- takes into account a student’s political support or party affiliation in hiring him or her; or
- involves lobbying on the federal, state, or local level.
Political activity, whether partisan or nonpartisan, does not qualify as work in the public interest. For example, a student is not considered to be working in the public interest if working at voting polls—even if he or she only checks off the names of those who came to vote and does not pass out flyers supporting a particular candidate. Also, a student is not considered to be working in the public interest if working to support an independent candidate. Another example of nonpartisan political activity is work for a city political debate. Working for an elected official as a political aide also does not qualify as work in the public interest. For example, a student could not represent a member of Congress on a committee. However, a student could be assigned to the staff of a standing committee of a legislative body or could work on a special committee, as long as the student would be selected on a nonpartisan basis and the work performed would be nonpartisan.
Work in the public interest examples In deciding whether work is in the public interest, schools must consider the nature of the work as well as that of the organization. For example, a private nonprofit civic club may employ a student if the student’s work is for the club’s community drive to aid handicapped children. If the student’s work is confined to the internal interests of the club, such as a campaign for membership, the work would benefit a particular group and would not be in the public interest. As another example, a student may work for a private nonprofit membership organization such as a golf club or swimming pool, if the general public may use the organization’s facilities on the same basis as its members.If only members may use the facilities, FWS employment is not in the public interest.
Updated August 19, 2013